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The lush rainforests and the extraordinary biodiversity of the Earth’s tropical regions makes them ideal for discovering a wide range of mushrooms.

There are estimated to be over a million species of mushrooms growing in the tropics and less than 5% of these species have been properly identified and cataloged by mycologists.

In tropical countries, you will find a wide range of different mushrooms growing in the different forest ecosystems between the humid coastal jungles and the cooler cloud forests at higher elevations.

Some of my favorite places to forage for tropical mushroom species are:

1. The mountain highlands in the states of Oaxaca and Chiapas in Mexico.

2. The lowland jungles and high elevation clouds forests of Costa Rica, Colombia and Panama.

3. The lowland regions of the Amazon rainforest in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Due to high rainfall through the year in the tropical regions, you can find tropical mushrooms at most times of the year.

However, you will find a lot more during the full tropical wet season that generally stretches from May to November with the highest rainfall usually in October/November yielding the most varieties of mushrooms.

The best time to foraging is after a big thunderstorm because mushrooms have an affinity for the combination of lightning and humidity.

Mushrooms are actually the fruiting bodies of an underground “ecological Internet” known as mycelium that connects the trees and plants in the forest together.

This makes the study of mushrooms known as mycology a fascinating window into how forest ecosystems work.

The Most Awe-Inspiring Tropical Mushrooms:

Here are 10 of the most beautiful and interesting tropical mushrooms found in the rainforests of the tropics.

1. Laternea Pusilla

Laternea Pusilla
An odd-looking species of fungi in the Phallaceae family found in Central and South America.

2. Bridal Veil Stinkhorn

Bridal Veil Stinkhorn (Phallus Indusiatus)
Commonly called Phallus Indusiatus, the bamboo fungus, or the veiled lady. This fungus is in the family Phallaceae, also known as the mysterious stinkhorns.

3. Scarlet Elf Cap

Also known as Scutellinia scutellata, this is a small fungus made of small red cups with distinct dark hairs or “eyelashes” that make it easy to identify.

4. Collared Earthstar

Collared Earthstar (Geastrum triplex)
Also known as Geastrum triplex, this mushroom trinity grows in the leaf litter of Panama’s tropical rainforests.

5. Cordyceps Militaris

Cordyceps Militaris
A zombie fungus that alters the behavior of the ants (and other insects) in such a way as to propagate itself more effectively. It kills the ant and then grows its fruiting bodies from the ant’s head to release its spores.

6. Anemone Stinkhorn Fungus

Anemone Stinkhorn Fungus, a bizarre and smelly tropical mushroom.
Also known as Aseroe rubra or the starfish fungus, this mushroom is recognizable for its foul odour. Stinkhorns fungus are some of the oddest looking mushrooms in the kingdom of fungi.

7. Psilocybe Cubensis

Psilocybe Cubensis
Psilocybe cubensis is a species of psychedelic mushroom whose principal active compounds are psilocybin and psilocybin, which expand consciousness and can induce states of mystical unity. They are commonly found growing in tropical regions on manure.

8. Indigo Milk Cap

Indigo Milk Cap (Lactarius indigo)
This eye-catching Lactarius indigo mushroom looks like a blue portobello mushroom and is a highly sought after edible mushroom that can be found in the forest in the tropics as well as northern regions.

9. Marasmius Tageticolor

Marasmius tageticolor is a species of agaric fungus with fruiting bodies that have striped red and white caps. It is found in Mexico, Central America, and South America, where it commonly grows on twigs.

Marasmius tageticolor
Marasmius tageticolor is a species of agaric fungus with fruiting bodies that have striped red and white caps. It is found in Mexico, Central America, and South America, where it commonly grows on twigs.

10. Panellus stipticus

Panellus stipticus
Last but not least, what about a tropical mushroom that glows in the dark? Panellus stipticus take hold of branches and showcase their dazzling bioluminescence as soon as the sun sets.

I hope you enjoyed these eye-catching tropical mushrooms. Have a look next time you’re in the tropical jungle and you may just see one of them.

Download Our Guide To 5 Easy To Identify Medicinal Mushrooms

Want to start identifying the mushrooms you discover in the forest?

Get our free guide to identifying medicinal mushrooms and how to catalog them using your smartphone so you can develop your pattern recognition skills.

Kyle Pearce

Kyle is a learning experience designer and experienced naturalist who leads educational retreats and group storytelling adventures around the world through Awecology.

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